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Judul: Analysis The Maturity Level of Plantain Fruit (Musa paradisiaca) by Using NIR Spectroscopy
Penulis: Efraim Samson  || email:
Jurnal: Prosiding FMIPA 2015 Vol. 1 no. 1 - hal. 161-166 Tahun 2015  [ MIPA ]
Keywords:  NIR spectroscopy, maturity, banana, second derivative
Abstract: In recent years, there have been a number of reported studies on the use of conventional methods with non-destructive techniques to assess the predictability and determine the maturity levels of banana. Most of these reported works were conducted using the expensive techniques and other measurements. But at this time, some instrumentation techniques have been developed to determine the maturity levels of banana fruit, an example the measurement technique using the NIR spectroscopy. The research by NIR spectroscopy to determine the maturity levels of banana (Musa paradisiaca) has been done. The results of maturity level of banana fruit can be analyzed with reference to the spectra patterns of water and carbohydrates. NIRS value increased with increasing fruit maturity. The best calibration equations, obtained from the second derivative spectra and wave numbers around 5200 cm- 1, with the correlation coefficient =0.99, SEC = 0.36, SEP = 1.23, and RPD = 4.27. Indications of water absorption of banana fruit, are the wave number 5200 cm-1. While of indication carbohydrate absorption of banana fruit (such as; fructose, sucrose and glucose) are the wave number 4644 cm- 1. The maturity level of banana fruit are closely related with to the content of water and carbohydrates.
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