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Judul: Morphological Diversity of Nutmeg Mother Trees and Seedlings in Lilibooi Village, Ambon Island
Penulis: Helen Hetharie, Simon H.T. Raharjo, Kosmas Rahado & Meitty L. Hehanussa  || email:
Jurnal: Prosiding FMIPA 2015 Vol. 1 no. 1 - hal. 167-173 Tahun 2015  [ MIPA ]
Keywords:  Nutmeg, diversity, mother trees, seedlings, Ambon
Abstract: Banda nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt) is native to the Moluccas (the Spice Islands) and has been known throughout the world because of its high quality essential oils from the seeds or the maces. In Lilibooi village, Ambon Island, there are very old nutmeg mother trees that show diversity based on their leaves and fruits. The objective of this study was to assess the diversity in nutmeg trees based on leaf, fruit, seed shell and mace morphological markers, and to assess the diversity of seedlings originated from the mother trees. This research used a survey method with selection of mother trees to be observed by purposive sampling. Five mature fruits from each sample mother tree, and 8 months old seedlings in the nursery belonging to the Titasomi farmer group were used as data sources in the observation. Morphological characterization was based on the Tropical Fruits Descriptors as modified, and other information was gathered through a Focus Group Discussion involving nutmeg farmers. The results showed that there were nine mother trees in Lilibooi that showed diversity in terms of the morphologies of leaves, fruits, seeds, and maces. Highly diverse characteristics were shown in leaf shape, leaf tip shape, leaf size, fruit shape, fruit length, shape of fruit stalk, fruit flesh thickness, seed length, mace thickness and mace compactness on the seeds. A high diversity of leaf and stem morphologies was also observed in the seedlings originated from the mother trees.
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