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Judul: Hubungan Angka Kejadian Pterigium Di Desa Waai Kabupaten Maluku Tengah 2013
Penulis: Felmi Violita Ingrad de Lima & Amanda Gracia Manuputty  || email:
Jurnal: Molucca Medica Vol. 4 no. 2 - hal. 101-109 Tahun 2014  [ Kedokteran ]
Keywords:  Sun exposure, incidence of pterygium
Abstract: Background: Pterygium is a horizontally oriented triangular growth of fibrofascular tissue invades the cornea from the canthal region of bulbar conjunctiva. Pterygium is mainly found at tropical and subtropi- cal areas. The risk factor which often causes pterygium is direct massive exposure of sun’s ray on eyes that can be seen through the job factor, duration of outdoors activities and usage of adequate eye protectors. Objective: The purpose of study was to determine the relationship of sun exposure on the incidence of pterygium at Waai Village in 2013. Methods: The research was an analytical descriptive study using cross sectional technique. Variables were job, duration of outdoors activities, usage of hat and sunglasses history. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 18.0. The research was conducted from February until August 2013. The population with age above 40 years was participated as many as 400 research subjects. Results: The result showed that the incidence of pterygium was 36.8%. Bivariate analysis showed that job (p=0,001) and duration of outdoor activities factors (0,001) had a relationship on the incidence of pterygium. The usage of hat history (p=0.284) and the usage of sunglasses history (p=0.237) does not have any relationship on the incidence of pterygium. Multivariate analysis showed that duration of outdoor activities factor (p= 0.001) has a very significant relationship to the incidence of pterygium. Conclusion: The result showed that sun exposure has a relationship on the incidence of ptrigium in Waai village in 2013 which can be seen through the job factor and duration of outdoors activities. Further researches are required to identify the other risk factors, in order to reduce the incidence of pterygium.
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