Informasi Detil Paper

Judul: Reklamasi Lahan Sagu Mendukung Usahatani Berbasis Sagu di Maluku
Penulis: J.B. Alfons  || email:
Jurnal: Budidaya Pertanian Vol. 7 no. 2 - hal. 87-93 Tahun 2011  [ Pertanian ]
Keywords:  Reclamation, thinning, planting distance settings, forest and plantation sago.
Abstract: In Maluku, sago is a forestry plant commodity because it grows naturally with irregular spacing and has not been cultivated, so that the maintenance is limited, just by the family who would harvest the stems. Land reclamation activities are intended to restructure the stands of sago (sago forest) in order to obtain regular spacing (sago plantation) involves thinning clumps of sago (slash-pull-move-planting). Sago land reclamation research has been conducted at Eti village, Piru Sub District, West Seram District in 2007. The research aims to change the forest into sago plantation including thinning the clumps with the settings so that there is spacing between the plants to grow other plants under sago tree in an effort to diversify the area of sago, supporting sago-based farming system in the Moluccas. The research of sago reclamation area was carried out through the assessment system approach in pilot project/demonstration plots, comparing the treatment of with and without sago reclamation areas. Area of each treatment was 50 m x 50 m (2.500 m2), so the total area of sago reclamation pilot project was 5.000 m2 (0.5 ha). Observations were done on a factor of labor, type and density of sago stands, sago palm types and levels of growth. Descriptive data were analyzed by comparing the area of with and without sago reclamation. The results showed that the activities of manpower needed for reclamation activities as much as 727.60 work days/ha with a value of Rp. 10,914,000 ha-1, (1 workday equals to Rp. 15,000,-). Stand density (number of clumps per hectare) with spacing of 10 m x 5 m were 200 plants ha-1, which were not different from the density of natural stands (204.2 plants ha-1). Sago plantation created with regular spacing (10 m x 5 m) gives an option to introduce other agricultural commodities in between sago trees in an effort to diversify the sago plantation and to increase the productivity and activity on the sago land, so that farmers become more interested in maintaining the area of sago, and to prevent the forest degradation due to exploitation action.
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