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Judul: Public Participation in Conserving the Coastal Environment an Alternative in Supporting the Local Economy
Penulis: Benyamin Limbong Tampang, Ferny Margo Tumbel & Metilistina Sasinggala  || email:
Jurnal: Prosiding PERMAMA 2012 Vol. 1 no. 1 - hal. 109-118 Tahun 2012  [ Prosiding ]
Keywords:  Participation, Coastal environment
Abstract: Limited carrying capacity of the natural resources available on land to meet the needs of the community has placed and made the coastal and marine environment as providers for alternative raw materials supported by science and technology. Indonesia's long coastline gives an overview of how large the potentials of the natural resources of coast and marine zones are, as well as how difficult to manage and to monitor the utilization. The economic development which manages the wealth of Indonesia such as marine must always consider the natural resources of coast and marine zones in order to provide benefits for the present life and to ensure future life as well. The renewable natural resources of coast and marine zones should be managed in such a way that their functions can always be maintained at all times, and their ability to renew themselves must be maintained. On the other hand, the non-renewable natural resources of the coast and marine zones must also be used economically and can be utilized as long as possible by the community. The environmental management particularly in coastal and marine zones seems very heavy if this activity is only conducted exclusively by the government as the only agent of development; therefore, its partnership with the entrepreneurs and community is required. The present conditions are a great dilemma due to the monetary crisis causing the pressure on the utilization of coastal and marine natural resources. The pressure becomes heavier because most of the coastal areas have been polluted by the human activities as well as by the communities surrounding the areas, fish populations are declining or overfishing, coral reefs are damaged by explosives and chemicals to catch fish, and the beaches are damaged for the pleasure of the people who utilize them.
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